PSA 2002 Program

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Thursday, November 7, 1-3pm

Regency A
Governing Board Meeting

Thursday, November 7, 4-6:30pm

Regency A
Stephen Jay Gould -- Evolutionist and Philosopher

  • Chair: Elliott Sober (University of Wisconsin)
  • "Exaptation and Function", Elisabeth Lloyd (Indiana University)
  • "Replaying Life's Tape", John Beatty (University of Minnesota)
  • "Evolutionary Theory and the Social Uses of Biology", Philip Kitcher (Columbia University) 

Executive A
Bohr's Philosophy of Quantum Theory: A New Look (Symposium)

  • Chair: Jeffrey Bub (University of Maryland)
  • "Bohr Versus Bohm on Ontological Pluralism", Rob Clifton (University of Pittsburgh) and Hans Halvorson (Princeton University)
  • "Quantum Reference Frames in the Context of EPR", Michael Dickson (Indiana University)
  • "Who Invented the Copenhagen Interpretation? A Study in Mythology", Don Howard (University of Notre Dame)
  • "Idealization and Formalism in Bohr's Approach to Quantum Theory", Scott Tanona (Stanford University)

Executive B
Realism (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: John Worrall (London School of Economics)
  • "The Structuralist Conception of Objects", Anjan Chakravartty (Cambridge University)
  • "Is Structure Not Enough?", Ioannis Votsis (London School of Economics)
  • "Explaining the Success of a Scientific Theory", Timothy D. Lyons (Indiana University/Purdue University Indianapolis)
  • "Preservative Realism and Its Discontents: Revisiting Caloric", Hasok Chang (University College London)
  • "No Refuge for Realism: Selective Confirmation and the History of Science", P. Kyle Stanford (University of California, Irvine)

Executive C
Counterfactuals and Causality (Workshop)

  • Chair: Jonathan Schaffer (University of Massachusetts)
  • "A Theory of Causation: Causae Causantes (Originating Causes) As Inus Conditions In Branching Space-Times", Nuel Belnap (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Kicking the Counterfactual Habit", Jim Bogen (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Mechanisms and Activities", Peter Machamer (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "No Counterfactual Conditionals, No Causal Explanations!", Jim Woodward (California Institute of Technology)

Executive D
Laws, Possibility, and the New Instrumentalism (Symposium)

  • Chair: Janneke van Lith (Utrecht University)
  • "Laws and Initial Conditions", Mathias Frisch (Northwestern University)
  • "Laws and the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics", Eric Winsberg (University of South Florida)
  • "Laws and the Reduction of Possibilities", Arnold Koslow (City University of New York)
  • Commentator: Paul Teller (University of California, Davis)

Pere Marquette
Psychology, Cognitive and Neuroscience (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Brian Keeley (Pitzer College)
  • "The Introduction of Information into Neurobiology", Justin Garson (University of Texas at Austin)
  • "Functional Analysis and the Autonomy of Psychology", Uljana Feest (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Affordances Explained", Andrea M. Scarantino (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Object and Event Concepts: A Cognitive Mechanism of Incommensurability", Xiang Chen (California Lutheran University)

Thursday, November 7, 7:30-9pm

PSA/HSS Reception

Friday, November 8, 9-11:45am

Regency A
The Pragmatics of Scientific Representation (Symposium)

  • Chair: R.I.G. Hughes (University of South Carolina)
  • "How Models are Used to Represent Physical Reality", Ron Giere (University of Minnesota)
  • "Imagination and Imaging in Model-Building", Mary Morgan (London School of Economics)
  • "An Inferential Conception of Scientific Representation", Mauricio Suarez (University of Bristol)
  • "Telltale Signs: What Attention to Representation Reveals about Scientific Explanation", Andrea Woody (University of Washington)
  • "Science as Representational and Non-representational", Bas Van Fraassen (Princeton University)

Executive A
Causation & Bayesian Networks (Symposium)

  • Chair: Charles Twardy (Monash University)
  • "Causal Diversity", Nancy Cartwright (London School of Economics)
  • "Graphical Models, Token Causation and Processes", Peter Menzies (Macquarie University)
  • "Inferring Causal Structure: What Can We Know and When Can We Know It?", Peter Spirtes (Carnegie Mellon University)
  • "What Does the Causal Markov Condition Have to Do With Causality?", James Woodward (California Institute of Technology) and Daniel M. Hausman (University of Wisconsin)

Executive B
Structuralist Approaches to Quantum Gravity (Workshop)

  • Chair: Steven French (University of Leeds)
  • "Quantum Gravity, Spacetime Structures and Structural Realism", Dean Rickles (University of Leeds) and Juha Saatsi (University of Leeds)
  • "Structure, Individuality and Quantum Gravity", John Stachel (Boston University)
  • "Quantum Gravity at the Background Independent Level", Lee Smolin (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics)
  • "Higher-Dimensional Algebra and Quantum Gravity", John Baez (University of California, Riverside)

Executive C
Is Methodology Gendered - and Should It Be? (Symposium)

  • Chair: Miriam Solomon (Temple University)
  • "Robert Boyle, Chastity, and the Masculine Methods of Science", Rose-Mary Sargent (Merrimack College)
  • "How Might We Put Our Politics Where Our Science Is?", Noretta Koertge (Indiana University)
  • "Should Science Have Gender?" Cassandra Pinnick (Western Kentucky University)

Executive D
Genes, Development and Evolution (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: James G. Lennox (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Constant Factors and Hedgeless Hedges: On Heuristics and Biases in Developmental Biology", Jason Scott Robert (Dalhousie University)
  • "Making Populations: Bounding Genes in Space and in Time", Lisa Gannett (California State University, Chico)
  • "Heritability and Indirect Causation", Neven Sesardic (Lingnan University)
  • "Evolvability, Dispositions, and Intrinsicality", Alan C. Love (University of Pittsburgh)

Pere Marquette
Reduction and Structure of Theories (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Robert Batterman (The Ohio State University)
  • "Reduction of Thermodynamics", Sang Wook Yi (Hanyang University)
  • "How to See Through the Ideal Gas Law in Terms of the Concepts of Quantum Mechanics", Malcolm R. Forster (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and Alexei Krioukov (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
  • "Reduction, Autonomy and Causal Exclusion Among Physical Properties", Alexander Rueger (University of Alberta)
  • "Do You Need to Believe in Orbitals to Use Them?: Realism and the Autonomy of Chemistry", Zack Jenkins (Indiana University)

Friday, November 8, 12-1:15pm

Regency A
Behind the Scenes at the Journals

  • Philosophy of Science: Noretta Koertge (Editor)
  • British Journal for the Philosophy of Science: Peter Clark (Editor)

Executive C
Philosophy Meets Science Education: What is the 'nature of science' in the science classroom? (Informal Discussion)

  • Douglas Allchin (University of Minnesota)

Friday, November 8, 1:30-3:10pm

Regency A
Biological Kinds and Human Kinds (Symposium)

  • Chair: David Hull (Northwestern University)
  • "Human Kinds and Biological Kinds: Some Similarities and Differences", John Dupre (University of Exeter)
  • "Emotions as Natural and Normative Kinds", Paul Griffiths (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Bridging the Gap Between Human Kinds and Biological Kinds", Marc Ereshefsky (University of Calgary)

Executive A
Causation Bayesian Networks (Workshop)

  • Chair: Charles Twardy (Monash University)
  • "An Introduction to Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models: Normative and Descriptive Theories", Clark Glymour (Carnegie Mellon Univesity)
  • "Theory Formation and Causal Learning in Children: Causal Maps and Bayes Nets", Alison Gopnik (University of California - Berkeley)
  • "Bayesian Models of Human Causal Inference", Josh Tenenbaum (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Executive B
The Nature of Scientific Evidence (Workshop)

  • Chair: Elliott Sober (University of Wisconsin)
  • "Statistical Evidence, Evidence Functions and the Concept of Verisimilitude", Subhas R. Lele (University of Alberta)
  • "Two Approaches Compared: Likelihood and Bayesian Approaches", Roger D. Rosenkrantz (Independent Scholar)
  • "The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward Looking Synthesis", Mark L. Taper (Montana State University)
  • "Royall's Three Questions: A Bayesian Reply", Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay (Montana State University)

Executive C
Philosophy of Space and Time (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: David Malament (University of California, Irvine)
  • "Field Unification in the Maxwell-Lorentz Theory with Absolute Space", Robert Rynasiewicz (Johns Hopkins University)
  • "Einstein Algebras and the Hole Argument", Jonathan Bain (Polytechnic University)
  • "Understanding the Time-Asymmetry of Radiation", Jill North (Rutgers University)
  • "Time Travel and Consistency Constraints", Douglas Kutach (Texas Tech University)

Executive D
History of Philosophy of Science (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Peter Clark (University of St Andrews)
  • "The Constructible and the Intelligible in Newtons Philosophy of Geometry", Mary Domski (Indiana University, Bloomington)
  • "Motivational Realism: The Natural Classification for Pierre Duhem", Karen Merikangas Darling (Northwestern University)
  • "Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: machina intellectus and forma indita", Madeline M. Muntersbjorn (University of Toledo) 
  • "Defending Conventions as Functionally A Priori Knowledge", David J. Stump (University of San Francisco)

Friday, November 8, 3:30-6pm

Regency A
Wesley C. Salmon 1925-2001: A Symposium Honoring His Contributions to the Philosophy of Science (Symposium)

  • Chair: Adolf Grunbaum (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Causation and Misconnections", Phil Dowe (University of Tasmania)
  • "Causal Processes: What Are They, and What Are They Good For?", Chris Hitchcock (California Institute of Technology)
  • "Objective Probabilities: Frequencies and Physical Chances", Paul Humphreys (University of Virginia)
  • "Spacetime and Conventionalism", Larry Sklar (University of Michigan)

Executive A
Realization and Explanation in Neuroscience (Symposium)

  • Chair: Lindley Darden (University of Maryland)
  • "Mechanisms, Realization and the Self (or Self Realization)", Carl F. Craver (Washington University)
  • "Mechanisms and Explanation in Neuroscience and Psychology", Barbara Von Eckardt (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
  • "Realization and Localistic Biases in Cognitive Neuroscience", Rob Wilson (University of Alberta)
  • "Neural Machinery and Realization", Thomas W. Polger (University of Cincinnati)

Executive B
Model Construction and Evaluation in the Computationally Complex Sciences (Symposium)

  • Chair: Davis Baird (University of South Carolina)
  • "Parameterizing the Atomic Nucleus: Explanation, Prediction and the Role of Intertheoretic Coherence", Stephan Hartmann (University of Konstanz)
  • "Principles and Parameters in Physics and Chemistry", Eric Scerri (University of California - Los Angeles)
  • "Semi-empirical Models of Protein Folding:  Construction and Evaluation in the Early Stages of Theory Construction", Jeffry L. Ramsey (Smith College)
  • Commentator: Gregory M. Mikkelson (McGill University)

Executive C
Science and Social Context (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Jane Duran (University of California, Santa Barbara) 
  • "On the Concept of Biological Race and Its Applicability to Humans", Jonathan Kaplan (University of Tennessee) and Massimo Pigliucci (University of Tennessee)
  • The Use of Race as Proxy in Medicine for Genetic Differences", Michael Root (University of Minnesota)
  • "When is Biology Destiny? Biological Determinism and Social Responsibility", Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (St. Mary's University)
  • "Experimental Localism and External Validity", Francesco Guala (University of Exeter)

Executive D
Topics in Philosophy of Physics (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Craig Callender (University of California - San Diego)
  • "Are Our Best Physical Theories (Probably and/or Approximately) True?", Jeffrey A. Barrett (University of California, Irvine)
  • "Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking: Its Meaning From a Simple Classical Model", Chuang Liu (University of Florida)
  • "The Applicability of Shannon Information in Quantum Mechanics and Zeilinger's Foundational Principle", C.G. Timpson (The Queen's College, Oxford)
  • "Objectivity, Information, and Maxwell's Demon", Steven Weinstein (Dartmouth College)

Pere Marquette
Confirmation and Statistical Inference (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Peter Spirtes (Carnegie Mellon University)
  • "Hempel's Raven Paradox: A Lacuna in the Standard Bayesian Solution", Peter B.M. Vranas (Iowa State University)
  • "Underdetermination and the Problem of Identical Rivals", P.D. Magnus (University of California, San Diego)
  • "Are Cosmological Theories Compatible with All Possible Evidence: A Missing Methodological Link", Nick Bostrom (Yale University)
  • "AIC and Large Samples", I.A. Kieseppä (University of Helsinki) 

Friday, November 8, 6-8pm

Joint Reception at the Milwaukee Art Museum

  • Milwaukee Art Museum, Windhover Hall

Saturday, November 9, 9-11:45am

Regency A
Methodology in Practice: Is there a A New Normativity in Philosophy of Science? (Symposium)

  • Chair: Nancy Cartwright (London School of Economics)
  • "Why Is Philosophy So Useless to Science?", Clark Glymour (Carnegie Mellon University)
  • "Model Misspecification in Practice: Philosophy and Methodology of Testing Assumptions of Statistical Models", Deborah Mayo (Virginia Tech) and Aris Spanos (Virginia Tech)
  • "Better Policy through Better Science: Using Metascience to Improve Dose-Response Curves in Biology", Kristin Shrader-Frechette (University of Notre Dame)
  • "Philosophy in Practice: Evidence Stabilizing Technologies in Archaeology", Alison Wylie (Washington University)

Executive A
Evolutionary Theory (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Mohan Matthen (University of British Columbia)
  • "Engineering Design and Adaptation", Robert C. Richardson (University of Cincinnati)
  • "Random Boolean Networks and Evolutionary Game Theory", J. McKenzie Alexander (London School of Economics)
  • "Species Pluralism Does Not Imply Species Eliminativism", Ingo Brigandt (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Interpretations of Probability in Evolutionary Theory", Roberta L. Millstein (California State University, Hayward)

Executive B
Causation and Explanation in Chemistry (Symposium)

  • Chair: Andrea Woody (University of Washington)
  • "Has Daltonian Atomism Provided Chemistry with Any Explanations?", Paul Needham (University of Stockholm)
  • "The Physicists, the Chemists and the Pragmatics of Explanation", Robin Findlay Hendry (University of Durham)
  • "The Role of Causal Talk in Chemistry", Janet D. Stemwedel (Stanford University)
  • "Qualitative Theory and Chemical Explanation", Michael Weisberg (Stanford University)

Executive C
Evidencing The Book of Evidence (Workshop)

  • Chair: Helen Longino (University of Minnesota)
  • "Objective Concepts of Evidence", Peter Achinstein (Johns Hopkins University)
  • "The Evolution of Peter Achinstein's Notion of Evidence and His Resolutions to Some Problems of Confirmation Theory", Steven Gimbel (Gettysburg College)
  • "Evidence, Tactics and Strategy", Philip Kitcher (Columbia University)
  • "A Fast Track to Confirmation", Frederick Kronz (University of Texas at Austin) and Amy McLaughlin (University of Texas at Austin)

Executive D
Quantum Field Theory, Bell's Theorem and Hidden Variables (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Andrew Wayne (Concordia University)
  • "A Matter of Degree: Putting Unitary Equivalence to Work", Laura Ruetsche (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "Ontology Schmontology? Identity, Individuation and Fock Space", Bruce L. Gordon (Baylor University)
  • "A Loophole in Bell's Theorem? Parameter Dependence in the Hess-Philipp Model", Wayne C. Myrvold (University of Western Ontario)
  • "Another No-Go Theorem for Hidden Variable Models of Inaccurate Spin 1 Measurements", Thomas Breuer (FH Vorarlberg)

Pere Marquette
Laws and Causation (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: John T. Roberts (University of North Carolina)
  • "Biology and A Priori Laws", Mehmet Elgin (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
  • "Ecological Kinds and Ecological Laws", Gregory M. Mikkelson (McGill University)
  • "For Fundamentalism", Carl Hoefer (London School of Economics)
  • "On The Metaphysics of Probabilistic Causation: Lessons from Social Epidemiology", Bruce Glymour (Kansas State University)

Saturday, November 9, 12-1pm

Executive A
Business Meeting

Saturday, November 9, 1:30-3:30pm

Regency A
David Lewis's Contributions to Philosophy of Science (Symposium)

  • Chair: Bas Van Fraassen (Princeton University)
  • David Albert (Columbia University)
  • "Some Aspects of Modality in Analytical Mechanics", Jeremy Butterfield (University of Oxford)
  • "Rescued from the Rubbish Bin: Lewis on Causation", Ned Hall (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
  • "David Lewis's Account of Objective Chance", Barry Loewer (Rutgers University)

Executive A
The Epistemology of Thought Experiments (Symposium)

  • Chair: Nancy J. Nersessian (Georgia Institute of Technology)
  • "Peeking Into Plato's Heaven", James Robert Brown (University of Toronto)
  • "Thought Experiments: Is There More to the Argument?", John D. Norton (University of Pittsburgh)
  • "A Constructivist Account of Thought Experiments", Tamar Szabó Gendler (Syracuse University)
  • "Thought Experiments and the Belief in Phenomena", James McAllister (University of Leiden)

Executive B
Causation and Explanation in Chemistry (Workshop)

  • Chair: Michael Weisberg (Stanford University)
  • "Chemical Theory in 2002: A Tension Between Simulation and Explanation", Roald Hoffmann (Cornell University)
  • Commentator: Jeffry L. Ramsey (Smith College)
  • Commentator: Jay S. Siegel (University of California, San Diego)
  • Commentator: Andrea Woody (University of Washington)

Executive C
The Making of the Genetical Theory of Evolution (Symposium)

  • Chair: John Beatty (University of Minnesota)
  • "The Heuristic Role of Sewall Wright's 1932 Adaptive Landscape Diagram", Robert A. Skipper (University of Cincinnati)
  • "Population Genetics and Population Thinking: Mathematics and the Role of the Individual", Margaret Morrison (University of Toronto)
  • "Pluralism in Biological Explanation", Anya Plutynski (University of Utah)
  • "Evolutionary Theory in the Twenties: The Nature of the 'Synthesis'", Sahotra Sarkar (University of Texas at Austin)

Executive D
Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Alberto Cordero (City University of New York)
  • "Is It Possible to Nominalize Quantum Mechanics?", Otávio Bueno (University of South Carolina)
  • "Quantum Mechanics and Ordinary Language: The Fuzzy Link", Peter J. Lewis (University of Miami)
  • "Is Quantum Mechanics Pointless?", Frank Arntzenius (Rutgers University)
  • "Remarks on the Direction of Time in Quantum Mechanics", Meir Hemmo (University of Haifa)

Pere Marquette
Models and Modeling (Contributed Papers)

  • Chair: Jordi Cat (Indiana University)
  • "A Model-Theoretic Account of Representation", Steven French (University of Leeds)
  • "A Parser as an Epistemic Artefact: A Material View on Models", Tarja Knuuttila (University of Helsinki) and Atro Voutilainen (University of Helsinki)
  • "Complex Systems, Trade-Offs and Theoretical Population Biology: Richard Levin's 'Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology' Revisited", Jay Odenbaugh (University of California, San Diego)
  • "Data Models and the Acquisition and Manipulation of Data", Todd Harris (University of California, Davis)

Saturday, November 9, 4-5:30pm

Executive Ballroom
Presidential Address

  • Welcome: Sandra D. Mitchell (University of Pittsburgh, Program Chair, PSA2002)
  • Essay Award Presentation: Elliott Sober (University of Wisconsin)
  • Introduction: Arthur Fine (University of Washington)
  • "Laws, Symmetry, and Symmetry Breaking", John Earman (University of Pittsburgh)

Saturday, November 9, 5:30-7:30pm

Presidential Reception

  • at Discovery World, 815 N. James Lovell Street
  • All registered PSA conferees are invited to attend.

Note: It is a policy of PSA2002 that an individual may present only one paper for publication in either a symposium or a contributed papers session. Workshop presentations will not be published in the proceedings. We plan to make all presentations available on-line at PhilSci Archive.