Nancy Cartwright and Elliott Sober have won the 2017 Dr. Martin R. Lebowitz and Eve Lewellis Lebowitz Prize for Philosophical Achievement and Contribution. Nancy Cartwright, professor of philosophy at UC San Diego and the University of Durham, served as president of the PSA from 2009-2010; Elliott Sober, Hans Reichenbach and William F. Vilas Research Professor of Philosophy at University of Wisconsin–Madison, was president from 2003-2004. A top honor recognizing outstanding achievement in the field, the Phi Beta Kappa Society (PBK) in conjunction with the American Philosophical Association (APA) awards the prize annually. Each winner will receive an award of $26,000.
The Lebowitz Prize was established in 2012 by a generous bequest from Eve Lewellis Lebowitz in honor of her late husband, Martin R. Lebowitz, a distinguished philosophical critic. Lebowitz Prize winners must be two philosophers who hold contrasting views on a chosen topic of current interest in philosophy. They present their views and engage in rich dialogue at an annual Lebowitz symposium at an APA divisional meeting and at a public lecture.
Both Elliot Sober and Nancy Cartwright are renowned for their work in the philosophy of science, and they secured the 2017 Lebowitz Prize with their topic, “Is there such a thing as the scientific method?” They question if the global and local theories of scientific inference are able to work parsimoniously or if there should be a concern with these theories uniting.
Sober, Ph.D. in philosophy (Harvard) who served as the president of the Philosophy of Science Association, Central Division of the APA, and the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science from 2012 until 2015, asks, “On the one hand, statistical ideas about model selection suggest that parsimony has a global (subject matter independent) rationale; on the other, the use of cladistic parsimony in evolutionary biology suggests that the principle of parsimony should be understood locally. Can these two approaches be reconciled?”
While Cartwright, Ph.D. in philosophy (University of Illinois) who served as the president of the Philosophy of Science Association, as vice-president and president of the Pacific Division of the APA, Professor Emeritus at the London School of Economics, Fellow of the British Academy, and member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, is skeptical: “My concerns are with these inferences. Scientific claims must be supported by success in predicting and intervening. Unity of method? When it comes to using scientific knowledge, the disunity and particularity of method of matter. If the uses made of scientific claims are to be successful, the methods and practices that warrant and interpret our claims must be sufficient to support the inferences drawn from them.”
The winners will present their work at an APA symposium in early 2018 followed by a PBK-sponsored symposium. Dates are to be determined.